Here are some frequently asked questions that I tend to get about riding motorcycles.
Do I really have to shift gears manually on a motorcycle?
Yes. Motorcycles have sequential manual transmissions so you’ll have to learn how to use a clutch and shift gears if you’re going to ride one. If you know how to drive a car with a stick shift you already understand the concepts necessary to shift gears on a motorcycle; the difference will be the location of the controls. In addition, a motorcycle transmission is sequential, meaning you cannot jump directly from 1st to 5th gear – you must shift through 2nd, 3rd and 4th gears to get to 5th. The same applies for downshifting, in reverse order of course.
Is there such a thing as an automatic transmission motorcycle?
Yes, but they are rare. Ridley Motorcycle Company, started in 1995, makes a full line of automatic transmission motorcycles. Aprilia’s Mana 850 has an automatic transmission. So does Honda’s DN-01. There may be other models out there I’m forgetting, but the next closest things are the large displacement scooters such as Suzuki’s Burgman and Honda’s Silver Wing.
Speaking of shifting, where and what are the (typical) controls on a motorcycle?
Throttle – right grip
Clutch – left hand lever
Front Brake – right hand lever
Rear Brake – right foot lever
Shifter – left foot lever
Turn Signal – left thumb
Horn – left thumb
Kill Switch – right thumb
Starter – right thumb
Do motorcycles have a reverse gear?
Only the heaviest of touring bikes have a reverse gear, such as the Honda Gold Wing. This is one of the reasons why it’s important to be able to put your feet flat on the ground when sitting on a motorcycle; you will be backing it up using your feet.
How do you keep a motorcycle from falling over all the time, especially in a turn?
Due to the nature of physics and gyroscopic forces, a motorcycle will want to stay upright and steady once it’s in motion. The faster you go the more it will resist turning and leaning. Even when leaned over in a turn, centripetal forces want to keep the bike upright. Slow speed maneuvers (we’re talking parking lot speed or slower) present the greatest potential for tipping over, since there are little or no gyroscopic forces holding the motorcycle upright.
Why are there separate controls for the front and rear brake?
Since motorcycles have such a short wheelbase (the distance between the front and rear wheels), weight shifts are very pronounced. This makes braking a sometimes tricky affair, and being able to control the front and back separately can be advantageous. There are some bikes (mostly touring models) that have linked braking systems but it’s not the norm.
Why are motorcycle headlights always on?
For safety reasons. Daytime use of headlights is required by many U.S. states, and having the headlights on at all times increases a motorcycle’s visibility.
Do I need a separate drivers license to operate a motorcycle?
Yes. You can check the navigation menu here at startriding.com to see if we’ve got your state’s specific licensing requirements; otherwise consult your state’s motor vehicle authority for details.
Will a dealership let me test ride a motorcycle?
Usually not, although a dealership here or there may do occasional demos (and of course they always require a valid motorcycle license and insurance). Sometimes at large events such as motorcycle shows there will be manufacturers sponsoring test rides, but otherwise there’s just too much risk involved for most dealerships to let people test ride bikes.
What is this counter-steering stuff?
Once a motorcycle is in motion, the handle bars actually have to be turned the opposite direction in which the rider wants the motorcycle to go. Turn the bars right, the bike starts leaning to the left and turns left. It sounds weird and completely wrong, but it’s true. Another way to approach that is to think of pushing on the left handle bar to turn left. Pushing the left handle bar is the same as turning the handle bars to the right, but for memory’s sake it’s simpler to say “push left to turn left.”